超级大满贯

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10年后6G将问世,速度有望比5G快100倍

超级大满贯  ZAI2019NIANQUANGUOTONGXINLILUNYUJISHUXUESHUHUIYIJITONGXINLINGYUCHUANGXINFAZHANLUNTANSHANG,DUOWEIYENEIZHUANJIABIAOSHI,MUQIAN6GYANJIUGANGGANGQIBU,ZAIJISHULINGYUXUYAOJIANLIGUOJITONGYIBIAOZHUN。


  5G还未全面铺开,6G已“跃跃欲试”。

超级大满贯  QIANBUJIU,HUAWEINEIBUYUANGONGSHEQUPINGTAI“XINSHENGSHEQU”KANDENGLEGAIGONGSICHUANGSHIRENRENZHENGFEIYUBENYUESHANGXUNJIESHOU《JINGJIXUEREN》CAIFANGDEJIYAO。ZAICAIFANGZHONG,RENZHENGFEICHENG,HUAWEIDE6GYANJIUSHILINGXIANSHIJIEDE,DANYUJI10NIANHOU6GCAIHUITOURUSHIYONG。

超级大满贯  NEIME,DAODISHENMESHI6G?6GXIANGGUANYANJIUMUQIANYIJINZHANDAOSHENMEJIEDUAN?6GDEGUANJIANHEXINJISHUYOUNAXIE?JINRI,ZAI2019NIANQUANGUOTONGXINLILUNYUJISHUXUESHUHUIYIJITONGXINLINGYUCHUANGXINFAZHANLUNTANSHANG,DUOWEIYENEIZHUANJIABIAOSHI,MUQIAN6GYANJIUGANGGANGQIBU,ZAIJISHULINGYUXUYAOJIANLIGUOJITONGYIBIAOZHUN。

超级大满贯  QUBIEYU5G,6GYAOGOUJIANCHUYIZHANGSHIXIANKONG、TIAN、DI、HAIYITIHUATONGXINDEWANGLUO。6GPINDUANJIANGCONG5GDEHAOMIBOPINDUANTUOZHANZHITAIHEZIPINDUAN,SHUJUCHUANSHUSULVYOUWANGBI5GKUAI100BEI,SHIYANDADAOYAHAOMIAOJISHUIPING。ZAIYONGHUDEGEXINGHUAFUWUYIJIWULIANWANG、GONGYEHULIANWANG、WURENJIASHI、ZHINENGGONGCHANGDENGLINGYU,6GDOUJIANGYOUJIAOGUANGKUODEYINGYONGQIANJING。

  信号可覆盖通信“盲区”

超级大满贯  “ZAI6GSHIDAI,HUOXUWOMENZAIFEIJISHANGYENENGSHANGWANG,TONGSHIBUHUIYINGXIANGFEIXINGANQUAN。DENGSHANYUNDONGYUANZAIDENGSHANYUDAOWEIXIANSHI,KESHISHIFASONGWEIZHIXINXIYUQIUJIUXINHAO,BUHUICHUXIANSHIYAN。ZAIHAISHANGHANGXINGSHI,CHUANSHANGDEGONGZUORENYUANYEBUYONGDANXINYULUDISHILIAN,6GKEBAOZHENGQISHISHITONGXIN。”ZHEISHINANJINGHANGKONGHANGTIANDAXUEDIANZIXINXIGONGCHENGXUEYUANCHANGWUFUYUANZHANGWUQIHUIWEIKEJIRIBAOJIZHEMIAOHUIDE、YONGWEIXING、HANGKONGPINGTAI、JIANCHUANDAJIANQIDEYIZHANGLIANJIEKONG、TIAN、DI、HAIDETONGXINWANGLUO。ERZHICHENGGAIWANGLUODEHEXINJISHU,JIUSHI6G。

超级大满贯  6GWANGLUOJIANGZHILIYUDAZAOYIGEJIDIMIANTONGXIN、WEIXINGTONGXIN、HAIYANGTONGXINYUYITIDEQUANLIANJIETONGXINSHIJIE,SHAMO、WURENQU、HAIYANGDENGRUJINYIDONGTONGXINDE“MANGQU”YOUWANGSHIXIANXINHAOFUGAI。

  “6GWANGLUODESUDUJIANGBI5GKUAI100BEI,JIHUNENGDAMEIMIAO1TB,ZHEIYIWEIZHEXIAZAIYIBUDIANYINGKEZAI1MIAONEIWANCHENG,WURENJIASHI、WURENJIDECAOKONGDOUJIANGFEICHANGZIRU,YONGHUSHENZHIGANJUEBUDAORENHESHIYAN。”WUQIHUISHUO,RUJINZHONGDIWUXIANDIANPINPUZIYUANSHIFENJINQUE,ERFAZHANGAOSUCHUANSHUDE6GWANGLUOXUYAOCHONGZUDEPINPUZIYUANZUOWEIZHICHENG。ZHEIYIWEIZHE,6GTONGXINYAOXIANGGAOPINDUANPINPUZIYUANTUOZHAN,CONG5GSHIDAIDEHAOMIBO(BOZHANGWEI10HAOMIDAO1HAOMIDEDIANCIBO)PINDUANTUOZHANDAOTAIHEZI(BOZHANGWEI3000WEIMIDAO30WEIMIDEDIANCIBO)PINDUAN。

超级大满贯  6GDAILAIDETONGXINBIANGE,BUJINTIXIANZAIWANGSUSHANG,YONGHUDEJIAOHUTIYANYEJIANGDEDAODAFUTISHENG,DANWEISHIJIANNEIXINXICHUANSHURONGLIANGJIANGGENGDA,CHUANSHUSHIYANYEHUIBIANDEGENGDUAN。

超级大满贯  ZAIZHONGGUODIANZIXUEHUITONGXINFENHUIZHURENWEIYUAN、NANJINGYOUDIANDAXUEWULIANWANGXUEYUANYUANZHANGZHUHONGBOKANLAI,ZAI1GDAO4GSHIDAI,TONGXINJISHUHAIDOUSHIXIAOFEIXINGYINGYONG,5GJIYIHOUJIANGZOUXIANGCHANYEXINGYINGYONG,LIRUGONGYEHULIANWANG、ZHINENGJIAOTONGDENG。

超级大满贯  “XIANZAIXUEJIEDUI6GDEJIEDINGYOUBUTONGDEGUANDIAN,5GZHUYAOSHIWEIGONGYE4.0ZUOQIANQIJICHUJIANSHE,ER6GDEJUTIYINGYONGFANGXIANGMUQIANHAICHUZAITANSUOJIEDUAN。”ZHUHONGBOSHUO,YOUZHUANJIARENWEI,JIANGLAI6GJIANGHUIBEIYONGYUKONGJIANTONGXIN、ZHINENGJIAOHU、CHUJUEHULIANWANG、QINGGANHECHUJUEJIAOLIU、DUOGANGUANHUNHEXIANSHI、JIQIJIANXIETONG、QUANZIDONGJIAOTONGDENGCHANGJING。

  需更多基站完成信号“接力”

  CONG1GSHIDAIDAO5GSHIDAI,JIZHANJIUXIANGYIGE“JIAOTONGSHUNIU”,ZAIYONGHUHEYIDONGYUNYINGSHANGZHIJIAN,JIASHEQIYIZUOZUOXINXIJIAOHUANDE“QIAOLIANG”。DANZAI6GSHIDAI,“QIAOLIANG”JIANSHEHUOJIANGMIANLINJUDADETIAOZHAN。

  “WEILAI,JIZHANJIANSHEYAOMIANXIANGTIANKONG、HAIYANG,ERKONGZHONGCHUANSHUDEJULIHENYUAN,SHUIXIACHUANSHUDEXINHAOSUNHAOYOUDA,WURENJIHEHAISHANGJIANCHUANDETONGXIN,YOUSHIDONGTAIDE,ZHEIDOUXUYAOXIETONGBUSHUGONGGUAN。”HEFEIGONGYEDAXUEFUXIAOZHANG、JIAOSHOULIJIANDONGDUIKEJIRIBAOJIZHESHUO。

  MUQIAN,WOGUOYIYONGYOU600DUOWANGE4GJIZHAN,5GJIZHANDESHULIANGYUJIJIANGSHIQIANZHEDE10BEI,6GJIZHANKENENGHUIJIANDEGENGMI。RUJIN,DIMIANJIZHANDADUOJIASHEZAIJIANZHUWUDINGBU,6GWANGLUOYAOSHIXIANDIMIANJIZHANYUWURENJI、WEIXINGDETONGXIN,NEIMEJIZHANJIUBUJINYAOMIANXIANGDIMIAN,YEYAOMIANXIANGKONGZHONGJINXINGXINHAOCHUANBO。

  “ERDIMIAN、KONGZHONG、HAIYANGDEXINDAOMOXINGDOUSHIBUTONGDE。”WUQIHUISHUO,DIMIANJIZHANSHIYANZHEDIBIAOJINXINGXINHAOCHUANBODE,YOUYUYOUJIANZHUWU、SHANCHUANHELIUDEZUGE,CHUANBOGUOCHENGZHONGXINHAOHUIBEISHUAIJIANDESHIFENYANZHONG,YOUSHIYEHUICHUXIANZABO、ZAOSHENG。ERDIKONGXINDAOSUIBUHUIPENGSHANGKUNRAODIMIANCHUANBODEGEZHONGZUGEWU,DANYINXINDAODEFUYANGJIAOJIAODA,MEIGEJIAODUDECHUANBOTEXINGYEHUICUNZAICHAYI。TONGSHI,ZAIKONGZHONG、DIMIAN、HAIYANGCHUANBOXINHAOSHI,6GWANGLUOHUISHIYONGBUTONGDEPINLV,ZHEIXIEPINLVKENENGXINGCHENGXIANGHUGANRAO,RUHESHIZHI“TONGLIHEZUO”YESHIYAOJIEJUEDEJISHUWENTI。

  CIWAI,YIN6GTONGXINYAOXIANGGAOPINDUANPINPUZIYUANTUOZHAN,SHOUGAOPINYINGXIANG,6GSHIDAIHUOXUYAOGENGDUOJIZHAN,“JIELI”WANCHENGXINHAOCHUANDIGONGZUO。

  NANJINGHANGKONGHANGTIANDAXUEXINXIGONGCHENGXUEYUANJIAOSHOUZHANGXIAOFEIXIANGKEJIRIBAOJIZHEJUTIJIESHIDAO:“6GWANGLUOJIANGSHIYONGGAOPINDUANPINPUZIYUAN——TAIHEZIPINDUAN,QIPINLVKEGAODA100GHzDAO10THz。ERXINHAOPINLVYUEGAO,BOZHANGYUEDUAN,XINHAOCHUANSHUFANWEIYEJIUYUEXIAO,ZHEIYIWEIZHEJIZHANDEFUGAIFANWEISUIZHISUOXIAO。ZAIJIASHANGXINHAODEPINLVYUEGAO,JIUYUERONGYIBEIKONGQIZHONGDESHUIFENZIXISHOUDIAO,YUDAOYUXUETIANQI,6GXINHAOGENGRONGYISHOUGANRAO,SUOYI6GXINHAODECHUANBOJULIBUHUIXIANG5GXINHAONEIMEYUAN,ZHEIJIUXUYAOGENGDUODEJIZHANWANCHENGXINHAODE‘JIELI’CHUANDI。”

  芯片技术和算法有待完善

超级大满贯  SUIZHEGONGYEHULIANWANG、WURENJIASHI、YUANCHENGYILIAODENGYINGYONGCHANGJINGDECHUXIAN,YIJIYONGHUSHUHEZHINENGSHEBEISHUDEZENGJIA,YOUXIANDEDAIKUANYAOCHENGZAIYUELAIYUEDUODEZHONGDUAN,TISHENGDAIKUANCHENGLE6GJISHUYANFARENYUANJIDAIJIEJUEDEWENTI。ZAIWUQIHUIKANLAI,YAOXIANGTISHENGDAIKUAN,JIUYAOYIKAOXINPIANJISHUHESHEPINDIANLUJISHUDEFAZHAN。

超级大满贯  TONGSHI,HAIYOUZHUANJIAZHICHU,TAIHEZIXINPIANDESANREWENTIYEJIDAIJIEJUE。RUJIN,XINPIANYUEZUOYUEXIAO,ERCHUANSHUGONGLVDEZENGJIAHUIRANGXINPIANGENGRONGYI“FATANG”,SUOYIWEISANREJISHUYEJIDAITISHENG。

超级大满贯  CIWAI,CHUANSHUDESHUJULIANGDALE,XIANGYAOSHIXIANDISHIYAN、GAOKEKAODECHUANSHU,JIUYAOQIU6GWANGLUOXITONGBIXUGENGJIAZHINENGHUA。WUQIHUIJIESHAODAO,MUQIAN,TADETUANDUIZHENGZAIYANJIU6GWANGLUODEZHINENGXINXICHULISUANFA,ZHEIBAOKUOZHINENGYUNJISUAN、BIANYUANJISUAN、ZHONGDUANZHINENGYINGYONG,YIJIGEGECENGMIANDEZHINENGSUANFARUHEXIETONG。

  “DANMEIYOUYIGEZHINENGSUANFANENGMANZU6GTONGXINDESUOYOUXUQIU。LIRU,WOMENZAIZUOTUXIANGSHIBIESHIYONG‘SHENDUXUEXI’SUANFA,DANZAIDONGTAIXINGQIANGDEWUXIANTONGXINLINGYU,ZHEIGESUANFAJIUWEIBISHIYONG,XIANGBIZHIXIA,‘QIANGHUAXUEXI’SUANFAKENENGGENGHESHI。”WUQIHUISHUO,HE5GSHIDAIYIYANG,6GSHIDAITONGYANGXUYAOGOUJIAN“SUANFAKU”,ZHINENGDIAODUGEGEXITONG,YUDAOSHENMECHANGJING,JIUYONGSHENMESUANFAQUJIEJUEXIANGYINGDEWENTI。

超级大满贯  “LIRU,ZAISHOUDAOHUOJINGXINHAOHOU,6GWANGLUOXITONGYAONENGXUNSUSHIBIECHUZHEIYICHANGJING,JIANGZHEIGEXINHAOCHUANSONGCHUQU,ZHINENGSUANFAYAOGENJUYINGYONGCHANGJINGDEXUQIU,JICHUXINXICHUANSHUJUECE。”WUQIHUISHUO。

  CONG3GDAO4GZAIDAO5G,MEIYIDAITONGXINJISHUDEDIEDAIDOUJINGLILEYUE10NIANDEFAZHANZHOUQI。ZAICAIFANGZHONG,BUSHAOZHUANJIADUIJIZHEBIAOSHI,LI6GZHENZHENG“FEIRUXUNCHANGBAIXINGJIA”,ZHISHAOYEHAIXUYAO10NIANZUOYOUDESHIJIAN。

  “MUQIAN,GUONEIWAIDE6GYANJIUGANGGANGQIDONG,DANJIXUJIANLIYUCIXIANGGUANDEGUOJIJISHUBIAOZHUN,BAOKUO6GDEPINPU、WANGLUOJIAGOU、DUOZHIJIERU、WUXIANNENGLIANGCHUANSHU、ZHINENGHUADENGFANGMIANDEJISHU。”ZHANGXIAOFEISHUO。


SAOYISAO,ZUIXINZUIREJIADIANXINGYEDONGTAI,QUANWEISHUJU、ZHUANJIAGUANDIAN、XINWENREPINGJINZAIZHANGWO。WEIXINSOUSUO“SHANGHAIJIADIANWANG”/“shjiadian”JIKEGUANZHU,QIDAININDEDIANZANHUOPAIZHUAN!

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来源: 科技日报 责任编辑:shreen
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