超级大满贯

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科技巨头竞逐“量子霸权”

  SUIRAN“GUGESHIXIANLIANGZIBAQUAN(quantumsupermacy)”DEXIAOXISHANGWEIZUOSHI,DANLIANGZIJISUANJIDEFAZHANSUDUYIJINGBUKEZUDANG。

  QUNIAN12YUE,YITAIBIJIBENDIANNAOJIKEMONIGUGEZUIHAODELIANGZIJISUANJI;DAOLEJINNIAN1YUE,YITAIGONGNENGQIANGDADETAISHIJISHANGKEYUZHIPIMEI;DENGDAO“LIANGZIBAQUAN”SHIXIANHOU,JINGDIANJISUANJIDESUDUJIANGWUFAZAIMONILIANGZIJISUANJILE。


  量子计算第一阶段

超级大满贯  GUGEYOUWANGCHENGWEISHOUGEXUANCHENGSHIXIAN“LIANGZIBAQUAN”DEGONGSI。ZAOZAIQUNIANGUGEJIUYUNASAHEZUO,ZHILIYUSHIXIAN“LIANGZIBAQUAN”。GENJUTIQIANXIELUDELUNWEN,GUGEYIJINGNENGGOULIYONGYITAI53LIANGZIBITEDELIANGZIJISUANJISHIXIANCHUANTONGJIAGOUJISUANJIWUFAWANCHENGDERENWU——ZAISHIJIEDIYICHAOSUANSummitXUYAOJISUAN1WANNIANDESHIYANZHONG,GUGEDELIANGZIJISUANJIZHIYONGLE3FEN20MIAO。

  ZHEISHIQIJINWEIZHIBIAOMINGLIANGZIJISUANJICHAOYUECHUANTONGJIAGOUJISUANJI,BINGZOUXIANGSHIYONGHUAZUIWEIQIANGLIEDEJIXIANG。“XIANGDUIYUSUOYOUYIZHIJINGDIANSUANFAERYAN,ZHEIZHONGJUDADETISUZAISHIYANZHONGSHIXIANLEJISUANRENWUSHANGDELIANGZIBAQUAN,BINGYUSHILERENMENQIDAIYIJIUDEJISUANFANSHIDECHUXIAN。”GUGEZAILUNWENZHONGXIEDAO。

  BUGUONASAHENKUAIJIUBAZHEIPIANWENZHANGSHANCHULE,GUGEGUANFANGYEWEIDUICIBIAOTAI。YANJINDEKEXUEJIARENWEI,ZHEIHUOXUSHIYIXIANGSHANGWEIZHENGSHIDESHIYANHEYIPIANSHANGWEIWANCHENGDELUNWENTIQIANBEIXIELULE。“GUGEDESHIYANHENKENENGHAIMEIYOUJINGGUORENZHENG,TIQIANBEIXIELULESHENZHIKENENGYINQIXIANGGUANDEFALVSUSONG。”YIWEIZHONGKEDACONGSHILIANGZIWULIYANJIUDEJIAOSHOUDUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBIAOSHI。

  MUQIANSHANGWUFAZHENGSHIGUGESHIFOUZHENZHENGSHIXIANLESUOWEIDE“LIANGZIBAQUAN”,YEJIUSHIZHIDANGLIANGZIJISUANJIFAZHANDAO50GEBITESHI,JISUANNENGLIJIANGCHAOYUEQUANQIUZUIKUAIDECHUANTONGJISUANJI,SHIXIAN“CHENGBA”。DANGUGEHEIBMDOUYIFENBIEZAI2017NIAN11YUEHE2018NIAN3YUEXUANCHENGSHIXIANLE50GEHE72GELIANGZIWEIDEYUANXINGJI。

  JINNIAN3YUE3RI,GUGELIANGZIAISHIYANSHISANMINGKEXUEJIAZAI《ZIRAN》ZAZHISHANGFABIAOWENZHANGZHICHU:“LIANGZIJISUANLINGYUJIJIANGYINGLAILISHIXINGDELICHENGBEI——LIANGZIBAQUAN。SUIRANXIANZAIRENGRANBUZHIDAOYUYINGYONGXIANGGUANDESUANFASHIFOUNENGGOUHENKUAITISHENGJISUANSUDU,DANSHIZHIYAOLIANGZIJISUANDEYINGJIAN,YEJIUSHILIANGZIJISUANJIXINGNENGZUGOUQIANGDA,WOMENJIUNENGGOUCESHIBINGQIEFAZHANXINDESUANFA。”

超级大满贯  LIANGZIJISUANJIDEYANZHIMUBIAOFENWEISANGEJIEDUAN:DIYIGEJIEDUANJIUSHI“LIANGZIBAQUAN”JIEDUAN;DIERGEJIEDUANSHISHIYONGHUALIANGZIMONIJIJIEDUAN,SHIXIANSHUBAIGELIANGZIBITEXIANGGANCAOZONGDEZHUANYONGXINGLIANGZIJISUANXITONG,YINGYONGYUJUYOUSHIYONGJIAZHIDEZUHEYOUHUA、LIANGZIHUAXUE、JIQIXUEXIDENGFANGMIAN,ZHIDAOXINCAILIAOSHEJI、YAOWUKAIFADENG;DISANGEJIEDUANSHITONGYONGKEBIANCHENGDELIANGZIJISUANJIJIEDUAN,NENGGOUXIANGGANCAOZONGSHUYILIANGZIBITE,SHIXIANKERONGCUODELIANGZIJISUANJI,NENGZAIJINGDIANMIMAPOJIE、DASHUJUSOUSUO、RENGONGZHINENGDENGFANGMIANFAHUIJUDAZUOYONG。

  “RUGUOWANCHENGSANGEJIEDUAN,YIWEIZHERENLEISHIXIANLELIANGZIJISUANJIDEMENGXIANG,ZHEIJIANGSHIRENLEISHIXIANDIERCIXINXIGEMING,QUANMIANJINRULIANGZIXINXISHIDAIDEBIAOZHI。”ZHONGKEDAFUYANJIUYUANZHANGWENZHUODUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBIAOSHI。

  MUQIAN,QUANQIUDOURENGCHUYUDIYIJIEDUANDEJINGZHUZHONG。ZAIMEIGUO,CONGGUGEDAOIBM,ZAIZHONGGUO,CONGALIBABADAOTENGXUN,SHIJIEDINGJIANDEKEJIGONGSIDOUZAIJINGXIANGJIANZAOCHUDIYITAIKESHIJIYINGYONGDELIANGZIJISUANJI。

  关于量子计算机的“误解”

  OUZHOULIANGZITONGXINLINGJUNRENWU、RINEIWADAXUEJIAOSHOUNIGULA·JISENBOSHI(NicolasGisin)DUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBIAOSHI:“GUGEDEZHEIPIANLUNWENHENKENENGSHIZUOWEIKEXUEWENZHANGLAIFABIAO,MUQIANHAIWEIDAOJIEJINQI。WENZHANGHENKENENGSHIZHENGQUEQIEZHENSHICUNZAIDE,JIBIANGUGELIANGZIJISUANJISUOJISUANDETIMUSHIRENWEISHEDINGDE,HUILINGJINGDIANJISUANJINANYIDADAO。”

  JISENJIAOSHOUHAIBIAOSHI,LIANGZIJISUANJIYONGYUJIEJUESHIJIWENTIYEBUHUISHITAIYAOYUANDEJIANGLAI。

  MUQIANKEXUEJIAYIJINGKAISHIMONILIANGZIJISUANYONGYUJIEJUEXINYAOYANFAHEJIYINCEXUDENGFANGMIANDEFUZAWENTI。MASHENGLIGONGXUEYUANJIAOSHOUPeterShorZAIRIQIANZHONGKEDADEYICHANGMOZISHALONGHUODONGSHANGBIAOSHI:“WORENWEILIANGZIJISUANJIYAOCHANSHENGSHIJIDEZUOYONG,KENENGXUYAOZHISHAODENGSHANGSHINIANSHENZHIGENGDUODESHIJIAN,CAINENGGOURANGYIXIESHIYONGDELIANGZIJISUANJIZUOBIJIAODADESHUZIDEYINZIFENJIE。”

  ShorJIAOSHOUHAIBIAOSHI,LIANGZIJISUANJIHEJINGDIANJISUANJIDESUDUSHIHENNANZUOBIJIAODE,ZHEIJIUHAOXIANGWUFAHUIDA“HUOCHEYAOBICHUANKUAIDUOSHAODEWENTI”。“ZHEIBUJINJINQUJUEYUYUNSHUFANGSHI,HAIQUJUEYUMUDEDIZAINALI。”ShorJIAOSHOUBIAOSHI。

  TARENWEI,RENMENDUIYULIANGZIJISUANJIHAICUNZAIZHEHENDUOWUJIE,BUYINGGAIDANCONGSUDUDEJIAODUJIANGLIANGZIJISUANJIYUJINGDIANJISUANJILAIZUOBIJIAO。“LIANGZIJISUANJIBUJINSHIJINGDIANJISUANJIGENGKUAIDEBANBEN,GONGZHONGDEWUJIEFEICHANGPUBIAN,TAMENJUEDEJISUANJIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEJIUSHIKONGJIANYIJITADESUDUDUOKUAI,ERBUSHITADEJIYI、CHUCUN。”ShorJIAOSHOUJIESHIDAO,“LIANGZIJISUANJISHANGDEMEIYIBUJIHUKENDINGYAOBICHUANTONGJISUANJIFUZA,DANSHILIANGZIJISUANJIKEYITONGGUOLIYONGLIANGZILIXUETEXINGDESUANFA,DADAJIANSHAOSUOXUYAODEBUSHU,CONGERJIAKUAIJISUANDESUDU,ZHEIGESHICHUANTONGJISUANJISUOBUJUBEIDE。”

  ZHONGKEYUANYUANSHI、ZHONGKEDAJIAOSHOUPANJIANWEIZEBIAOSHI,KAIFACHUZHEIYANGYIZHONGQUANGONGNENGDELIANGZIJISUANJIHELIANGZIMONIQIXUYAOHENZHANGSHIJIAN,DANRENMENYIJINGKAISHISHIYONGYIXIEJUBUDELIANGZIMONI,YEJIUSHISUOWEIDE“BANLIANGZIMONI”LAIZUOXIANGYINGDEGONGZUO,CONGERZHICHIDAOWOMENDEJIQIXUEXIDENGDENG,ZHEIYESHIHENYOUSHIYONGJIAZHIDE。

  GENJUBOSHIDUNZIXUN(BCG)YUANYINBUFENZHIYAOXINGYEDEGAOGUANYUGU,LIANGZIMONIKEJIANGYAOWUFAXIANLVTIGAO5%DAO10%,BINGJIESHENG15%DAO20%DEYANFASHIJIAN。YUCITONGSHI,TAMENHAIRENWEIGENGYOUDEFENZISHEJIJIANGTUIDONGYAOWUSHENPIXIAOLV。BCGYUCE2030NIAN,ZAIZHIYAOXINGYE,LIANGZIJISUANSHICHANGGUIMOJIANGDA200YIMEIYUAN,HUAXUE、CAILIAOKEXUEDENGKEJIMIJIXINGCHANYEDEGUIMOJIANGDA70YIMEIYUAN。

超级大满贯  BCGYINYONGYIJIADAXINGZHIYAOGONGSIYANFABUMENDEFUZERENDEHUACHENG:“ZAIYUANZISHUIPINGSHANG,MUQIANDEGAOXINGNENGJISUANWUFACHULIDADUOSHUDEMONI,LIANGZIJISUANKEYICHENGBEIDITIGAOYAOWUFAXIANGAILV。ZAIMEIGUO,RUGUOFUZADELIANGZIMONISHIKEXINGDE,YOU10%DEGONGSIYUANYIWEIQICHENGDANFEIYONG,ZHEIDUIYINGZHE150YIDAO300YIMEIYUANDELIANGZIJISUANSHICHANGJIHUI。SHISHISHANG,MUQIANQUANQIUGAOXINGNENGJISUANDESHICHANGGUIMOSHI100YIMEIYUAN。”

  竞争

  JINGUANGUGERUGUOLVXIANXUANCHENGSHIXIAN“LIANGZIBAQUAN”JIANGSHIYIGELEBUQIDEJINBU,DANGUGEZAIMEIGUODEJINGZHENGDUISHOUIBMDUICIBINGBUGANMAO,FANERSHITICHULEYIGEJIAOZUO“LIANGZIYOUSHI”DEGAINIAN。IBMDELIANGZIJISUANZHANLVEFUZERENSUOTUO(RobertSutor)JIESHAODAO:“LIANGZIYOUSHI,SHIZAIYIGEZHENSHIYINGYONGCHANGJING,BIRUJINRONGFUWU、AI、HUAXUEZHONG,LIANGZIJISUANJIZUOCHULEBIRENHEJINGDIANJISUANJIYAOMINGXIANYOUXIUDEGONGZUO。”

超级大满贯  IBMYIZHIZAITANSUOLIANGZIJISUANDEYINGYONG,HAIZAIXIANSHANGDUIWAIKAIFANGLEYITAI53BITEDETONGYONGLIANGZIJISUANJIIBMQ。ZHEITAILIANGZIJISUANJIWEIYUNIUYUE,QUNIAN5YUEJIUYIJINGTOURUZAIXIANYUNXING。JINNIANNIANCHU,IBMXUANBULELIANGZIJISUANJIDESHANGYEHUAFANGAN,XIWANGGENGDUOYANJIURENYUANNENGGOUSHIYONGQIZAIXIANLIANGZIJISUANXITONG。WEILAIZHEITAILIANGZIJISUANJIYOUWANGZAIGENGDUOLINGYUFAHUIYONGTU,BIRUFAXIANXINCAILIAOHEXINYAOWU,YIJIRANGRENGONGZHINENGBIANDEGENGQIANGDA。

  BUGUO,GUGEYANJIUYUAN、JIAZHOULIGONGXUEYUANDELILUNWULIXUEJIABULANDUO(Fernando Brando)RENWEI,ZAIDACHENG“LIANGZIBAQUAN”ZHIQIAN,LIANGZIJISUANJIBUKENENGZUOCHUSHENMEYOUYISIDESHI。

  ZHANGWENZHUODUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBIAOSHI:“SHIXIANLIANGZIJISUANDEWULIFANGANYOUHENDUOZHONG,HUXIANGJINGZHENG,IBMHEGUGEDEXITONGBUYIYANG,SHIYONGLIZIJINGFANGAN,WUFAKUOZHANDAOHENDA,XIANGBIZHIXIAGUGESHIYONGDESHICHAODAODIANLUFANGAN,YUANZESHANGKEYIWUXIANZHIKUOZHAN,ZHEIYANGKANLAI,GUGETOUDEFANGANQIANJINGGENGDA。”

  GUGEDEKEXUEJIARENWEI,WEILAIJISHINIANXUEJIE、XINGYEHEGUOJIASHIYANSHIXUYAOLIANHEQILAIKAIFALIANGZIMONIHELIANGZIJIQIXUEXIDESUANFA。“GUGEJIANGJIYUYUNFUWUTIGONGGUGELIANGZICHULIQIDERUKOU,LAIZHICHINEIXIEQUEFAZIJIN、JISHUHEJICHUSHESHIZHICHENGDEJIGOUDEYANJIU。”GUGEYANJIURENYUANBIAOSHI。

  GENJUGUGEDEDINGYI,ZHONGJILIANGZIJISUANJIJIANGNENGGOURONGRENZAOYINHECUOWU,ERQIEYUANZESHANGNENGGOUCHULIRENHEWENTI。LILUNSHANGJIANG,TAMENXUYAOGENGQIANGDADECHULIQI,NENGGOUBAORONGGENGDUODELIANGZIBITE,ERQIEWEILEDADAOJIUCUOGONGNENG,HAIXUYAOJIQIRONGYU,BUGUOYAOSHIXIANZHEIYANGDEJISHUZHISHAOHAIYAODENGSHANG10NIANZUOYOU。

  DUIYULIANGZIJISUANJIDESHANGYEHUAQIANJING,GUGEBIAOSHI:“DUIYULIANGZIJISUANDEBAOSHOUGUJI,TOUZIZHEYUJIZHINENGZAIZHANGQIHUODEHUIBAO。JINGUANRUCI,WOMENYIRANRENWEI,SUIZHEXIAOXINGDELIANGZIJISUANJIHUIZAI5NIANNEIZHUJIANXINGQI,DUANQIDEHUIBAORENGRANSHIYOUKENENGDE,SUIRANZHEIXIESHEBEIWUFASHIXIANWANQUANDEJIUCUOGONGNENG。”


SAOYISAO,ZUIXINZUIREJIADIANXINGYEDONGTAI,QUANWEISHUJU、ZHUANJIAGUANDIAN、XINWENREPINGJINZAIZHANGWO。WEIXINSOUSUO“SHANGHAIJIADIANWANG”/“shjiadian”JIKEGUANZHU,QIDAININDEDIANZANHUOPAIZHUAN!

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