加入收藏
上海家电网
致力于打造家电行业领先网络媒体
当前位置:超级大满贯 -> 频道 -> 洗衣机 -> 行业动态->正文

美国对大型家用洗衣机反倾销政策的研究分析


      本文观点主要来自于美联储经济学家Aaron B.Flaaen以及芝加哥大学经济学院的Ali Hortacsu、Felix Tintelnot共同发布的研究报告。报告主要回顾了美国针对大型家用(涉及海关税号HS8450200040, HS8450200080, HS8450200090, HS8450110040, HS8450110080)的一系列贸易政策并建立经济学模型分析和测算了该政策带来的一系列影响。

  事件背景及政策回顾:

超级大满贯  20SHIJIHOUQI,MEIGUOSHICHANGDEZHUYAOXIYIJIPINPAIBAOKUOMaytag、HUIERPU、GE、KenmoreDENGDENG。2006NIAN,HUIERPUTONGGUOBINGGOUMaytag,CHENGWEILEMEIGUOZUIDADEXIYIJIZHIZAOSHANG,XIYIJIYIJIGANYIJIDESHICHANGFENEJINYIBUJIZHONGDAOHUIERPUQIXIA。SHUJUXIANSHI,BINGGOUWANCHENGHOU,HUIERPUHEMaytagPINPAIHEJIZHANDAOMEIGUOXIYIJISHICHANGFENEDE60%,GANYIJISHICHANGFENEDE65%。DANGSHI,JINKOUXIYIJIZHIZHANJULEBUDAO10%DEMEIGUOSHICHANGFENE。JIUZAIHUIERPUHEMaytagJINXINGHEBINGDETONGSHIQI,HANGUODELGHESANXINGPINPAISHOUCIJINRUMEIGUOSHICHANG。SUIHOU,LIANGJIAHANGUOGONGSIZAIMEIGUODESHICHANGFENEZHUNIANWENBUZENGZHANG,BINGCHENGWEIMEIGUOZUISHOUHUANYINGDEJIADIANPINPAI。

  2011NIANDIHUIERPUXIANGMEIGUOGUOJIMAOYIWEIYUANHUI(USITC)FAQILEFANQINGXIAODIAOCHASHENQING(731 of the Tari_ Act of 1930),ZHIKONGYOUMOXIGEHEHANGUOCHUKOUDAOMEIGUODEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJISHEXIANDIJIAQINGXIAO,SUNHAIMEIGUOXIYIJIZHIZAOSHANGLIYI。2012NIAN2YUE,USITCFABULEYIXIANGCAIJUE,JIANYIMEIGUOZHENGFUCAIQUFANQINGXIAOCUOSHI。TONGNIAN7YUE,USITCXUANBU,ZHENDUIMOUXIEGONGSI(ZHUYAOZHISANXING、LGDENG),JIANGGAICHANPINDEJINKOUGUANSHUICONG9.2%TISHENGZHI82.4%。【ZHU:HANGUOSUIHOUXIANGSHIMAOZUZHITICHULEYIYI,HANGUOFANGMIANRENWEI,MEIGUOSUOCAIYONGDE“GUILINGFA”RENWEIDITIGAOLEQINGXIAOFUDUHEQINGXIAOSHUILV,SHIFEIFADE。SHIMAOZUZHIZUIZHONGTONGYI,ZHEIXIEFANQINGXIAOSHUIWEIFANLESHIMAOZUZHIGUIDING,DANUSITCRENGWEICHIYUANCAIJUE。JIEZHI2018NIAN,CIANRENGZAIZHENGYIZHONG。HANGUOXIANGSHIMAOZUZHIJINYIBUTOUSU,BIAOMINGMEIGUOWEIZHIXINGSHIMAOZUZHICAIJUE。HOUXU,MEIGUOSHANGWUBUQUXIAOLEDUILGDECHENGFAXINGGUANSHUI,DANBAOLIULEDUISANXINGGONGSIDECHENGFAXINGGUANSHUI(YINSANXINGWEIPEIHEUSITCDEDIAOCHAHUODONG)。DANSHI,SANXINGFANGMIANCHENG,SANXINGYITINGZHIXIANGCONGHANGUOBENTUXIANGMEIGUOCHUKOUGAICHANPIN。】

超级大满贯  ZAISHISHICHENGFAXINGGUANSHUIZHIHOUDELIANGNIANLI,GAICHANPINCONGHANGUO、MOXIGEJINKOUDESHULIANGXIAJIANGLE75%。(TUYILANSEHELVSEXIANBIAOSHICONGHANGUOHEMOXIGEJINKOUDEXIYIJISHULIANG,ZAI2012NIANCHUXIANLEDAFUDUXIAHUA)。ZAIHANGUO、MOXIGEDUIMEIGUOCHUKOUDEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJISHULIANGKUAISUXIAHUADETONGSHI,ZHONGGUOCHANDEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJICHUKOUSHULIANGDAFUDUSHANGSHENG。ZAI2015NIAN,HUIERPUJIXUXIANGUSITCTICHUZHENDUIZHONGGUOSHENGCHANDEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJIFANQINGXIAODIAOCHA。2016NIAN2YUE,USITCCAIDINGZUIZHONGDEFANQINGXIAOSHUILVCONG38.4%(SANXING)DAO57.4%(LG)BUDENG。ZHEIXIANGZHENGCEDEJIEGUOJIHUYU2012NIANDECAIDINGXIANGTONG:CONGZHONGGUOJINKOUDEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJISHULIANG(HONGXIAN)CONG2015NIANDEMEINIAN300WANTAIXIAJIANGDAO2017NIANDEYUE30WANTAI。YUCITONGSHI,CONGTAIGUOHEYUENANJINKOUDEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJIJINKOULIANG(ZISEHEHUANGXIAN)CONGJIBENSHANGDAO2015NIANWEILING,DAO2017NIANJIANGJIN330WANTAI(LIANGGUOHEJI)。

超级大满贯  LINGWAI ,CONGHANGUOCHUKOUDAOGEGUODEXIYIJILINGBUJIANSHULIANGBIANHUAYEKEYIGUANCHADAOZHEIYICHANDIDEBIANQIAN。TU2XIANSHILEHANGUOXIYIJILINGBUJIANCHUKOUZONGZHI,ZHENGMINGLEHANGUOLINGJIANCHUKOUZHISUIZHEQIXIYIJICHANDIBIANHUA。2013NIANHE2014NIAN,HANGUODUIZHONGGUODEXIYIJILINGBUJIANCHUKOUJIZENG,ERZAI2016HUILUO。2017NIAN,HANGUODUITAIGUOHEYUENANDEXIYIJILINGBUJIANCHUKOUZENGJIA。 CIWAI,HANGUOZAI2010NIANZHI2016NIANQIJIAN,QIZHENGTIDEXIYIJILINGBUJIANCHUKOUZENGZHANGLEJIN60%。

  2017NIAN, USITCYOUFAQILEYIXIANGZHENDUIQUANQIUDEMAOYIBAOZHANGXINGDIAOCHA(YIBANCHENG201DIAOCHA),ZUIZHONGDEJIEGUOSHI,ZAI2018NIAN1YUEFENBANBUDEMEIGUOZONGTONGLINGZHONGXUANBU,DUIDAXINGXIYIJICAIYONGPEIEGUANSHUICUOSHI:DUI120WANTAIJINKOUXIYIJISHOUQU20%DEGUANSHUI,CHAOCHUCIJINKOULIANGDECHANPINJIANGBEIZHENGSHOU50%DEGUANSHUI(JIANADADENGGEBIEGUOJIABEIHUOMIAN)。YUCITONGSHI,YIXIEXIYIJIDELINGBUJIANJINKOUYEMIANLINPEIEZHI,RENHECHAOGUO5WANGEDANWEIDELINGBUJIANJIANGBEIZHENGSHOUCHAOGUO50%DEGUANSHUI。CICUOSHIYU2018NIAN2YUEZHIXING,WEIQI3NIAN。GAICAIJUEFABUHOU,ZAI2017NIANMOYIJI2018NIANCHU,MEIGUODEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJIJINKOULIANGBIAOSHENG,SUIZHEFAANZHENGSHISHISHIHOU,YOUXUNSUHUILUO。

  美国的贸易政策造成的影响:

  ZONGTIKANLAI,YOUHUIERPUSHENQINGDE,USITCJINXINGDEYIXILIEMAOYIZHENGCEDUIMEIGUOBENTUSHICHANG、QUANQIUMAOYIGEJUDOUZAOCHENGLEBUTONGDEYINGXIANG。DUIYUSHOUDAOGAIXIANGZHENGCEZHENDUIDEHANGUOQIYELAISHUO,TAMENXUANZEJIANGQISHENGCHANDINGDANZAIQUANQIUBUTONGDEDICHENGBENSHENGCHANJIDIZHIJIANJINXINGZHUANYI,SUIZHE201DIAOCHADEQIDONG,ZUIZHONGBUDEBUXUANZEZAIMEIGUOJINGNEISHELISHENGCHANJIDI。ERDUIYUMEIGUOERYAN,SUIRANZHIZAOYEHUILIUMEIGUO,DAILAILEXINDEGONGZUOGANGWEI,DANXIAOFEIZHEBINGWEIHUODESHIJILIYI。JUTIDEYINGXIANGRUXIA:

  1、制造业回流美国

  ZAI2017NIANDEQUANQIUBAOZHANGCUOSHIDIAOCHAGUOCHENGZHONG,SANXINGHELGXUANBUJIHUAKAISHIZAIMEIGUOSHENGCHANDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJI,SANXINGZAINANKALUOLAINAZHOUDESHENGCHANJIDIYU2018NIAN1YUEDONGGONG,JIHUANIANCHANNENGWEI100WANTAI,SANXINGCHENGGAIGONGCHANGZAI2020NIANZHIQIANHUICHUANGZAOYUE1000GEXINGONGZUOGANGWEI。LGZAITIANNAXIZHOUDEGONGCHANGZEJIHUAZAI2018NIANMODONGGONG,BINGCHENGZIJIJIANGCHUANGZAOYUE600GEXINGONGZUOGANGWEI,ERHUIERPUYETONGSHIXUANBUJIANGZENGJIA200MINGGONGREN。

  2、洗衣机零售价格的变化

  TONGGUODUIGAP IntelligenceJIANCEDEBUTONGPINPAIDEDAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJIDEJINKOUYIJILINGSHOUJIAGEJINXINGFENXI,FAXIAN2016NIANZHENDUIZHONGGUODEFANQINGXIAOZHENGCE,DUIMEIGUOJINGNEIXIYIJIDERICHANGLINGSHOUJIAGEYINGXIANGBUDA。ZHUYAOYUANYINSHI,ZHENDUITEDINGGUOJIADEGUANSHUICUOSHI,ZHINENGPOSHIKUAGUOQIYEZAIDICHENGBENDESHENGCHANQUZHIJIANJINXINGDINGDANDEZAIFENPEI。SHIJISHANG,BEIZHENGSHOUGAOEGUANSHUIDECHANPINDESHIJIJINKOUJIAGESHENZHIYOUKENENGJINYIBUJIANGDI(RUTU3SUOSHI:ZAIZHENDUIHANGUO、MOXIGEFANQINGXIAOHOU,DAXINGJIAYONGXIYIJIZHUANYIZHIZHONGGUOSHENGCHAN,DANCISHI,GAICHANPINDEPINGJUNJINKOUJIAGEGENGDI;ZAIDUIZHONGGUOJINXINGFANQINGXIAOHOU,GAICHANPINZHUANYIZHITAIGUO、YUENANSHENGCHAN,QIPINGJUNJINKOUJIAGEWEICHUXIANMINGXIANBIANHUA)。

超级大满贯  ERZAI2018NIAN,MEIGUOCAIQUQUANQIUXINGDEMAOYIBAOZHANGCUOSHIHOU,QIJINGNEIXIYIJIDELINGSHOUJIAGESHANGZHANGDEHENKUAI,BINGDUIXIAOFEIZHEZAOCHENGLEHENDADEYINGXIANG。LINGWAI,JINGUANGANYIJICHANPINBINGWEIBEILIERUJIAZHENGGUANSHUICHANPINDEMINGDAN,DANYINWEIXIAOFEIZHEZAIGOUMAIXIYIJIDETONGSHIWANGWANGHUITONGSHIGOUMAIGANYIJI,SUOYIGANYIJIDEJIAGEYEBANSUIXIYIJIJIAGESHANGSHENG。ZAIGUANSHUIZHENGCEZHIXINGHOUDE48ZHOUNEI,ZHEILIANGLEICHANPINDEPINGJUNJIAGESHANGSHENGLEYUE11.5%,XIYIJIHEGANYIJIDEJIAGEZHONGWEISHUFENBIESHANGZHANG86MEIYUANHE92MEIYUAN。

  LINGWAI,JINGUANCHENGFAXINGGUANSHUIZHUYAOZHENDUIHANGUOQIYE,DANMEIGUOBENTUDEHUIERPU、GEDENGQIYEDEXIYIJICHANPINJIAGEYEGENSUISHANGZHANG。SHUJUXIANSHI,ZAICIQIJIAN,HUIERPUDEXIYIJIJIAGESHANGZHANG17%,GANYIJIJIAGEYITONGDENGFUDUSHANGZHANG。MAYTAGXIYIJIJIAGESHANGZHANGLE14%,GANYIJIJIAGESHANGZHANGLE17%-20%。GEZHANGFUJIAODI,DANQIXIYIJIJIAGEPINGJUNYESHANGZHANGLE7%,GANYIJIJIAGESHANGZHANGLE10%。ERLGDEXIYIJIYUGANYIJIJIAGESHANGZHANGLE13%,SANXINGDEXIYIJISHANGZHANGLE15%-17%,ERQIGANYIJIJIAGESHANGZHANGLE10%。JINGUAN2018NIANZHEICIJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDEDUIXIANGKUOZHANLEDAOXIYIJICHANPINDEZHUYAOLINGBUJIAN(MUDEZAIYUFANGZHISANXING、LGDENGQIYETONGGUOSANJIANJINKOUZUZHUANGLAIGUIBIGAOGUANSHUI),ZHENGCEDEZHENDUIXINGHENMINGXIAN,DANQICHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGQUESHIPUBIANDE。DUIBILEQITASHIYONGLEISIGANGCAIYUANLIAODECHANPINHOU(YINWEITONGSHIQI,MEIGUODUIGANGTIEYEJIAZHENGLEFANQINGXIAOGUANSHUI),YANJIURENYUANRENWEI,MEIGUOGUONEIXIYIJIZHIZAOSHANGPUBIANTIGAOJIAGE,BUTAIKENENGSHIGUANSHUITUIGAOGANGLVDENGYUANCAILIAOCHENGBENZAOCHENGDE,GENGDUODEHAISHISHICHANGLILIANGQUDONG。JINGJIXUEJIAPIERSIRENWEI,FANQINGXIAOCUOSHIZUIZHONGHUIZAOCHENGBEIBAOHUDEQIYESHENGCHANXIAOLVJIANGDI,BINGBUNENGTISHENGQIJINGZHENGLI。

  LINGWAI,QUANQIUMAOYIBAOZHANGDIAOCHAJIMEIGUOXIAOFEIZHEZENGJIALEYUE15YIMEIYUAN/NIANDEZONGCHENGBEN,YUCITONGSHI,GUANSHUIDAILAIDESHOURUJINWEI8200WANMEIYUAN,KAOLVDAOYUCITONGSHIMEIGUOHAIZENGJIALEJIN1800GEXINDEJIUYEGANGWEI。JUCICESUAN,CHUANGZAOYIGEXINDEGONGZUOGANGWEIDECHENGBENYUEWEI80WANMEIYUAN。

  启示

  ZHONGMEILIANGGUOJINRUMAOYIZHANYILAI,JINGGUODUOLUNDETANPANHECUOSHANG,RENGYOUHENDUOLEIJIADIANCHANPINBEILIERUDAOJIAZHENGGUANSHUIDEMINGDANZHONG。ZHONGZHANGQIKAN,SUIZHEFADAGUOJIAFENFENQIANGDIAOGAODUANZHIZAOYEHUILIUYIJI“ZAIGONGYEHUA”,YINDUHEDONGNANYAGUOJIAJIAKUAISHISHIZHIZAOYEZHENXINGJIHUA,MAOYIMOCAZAIWEILAISHIQIHUOJIANGCHENGWEICHANGTAI,ZHONGGUOJIADIANYECHUKOUMAOYIMIANLINDEYALIYEJIANGBUDUANSHANGSHENG,TEBIESHILAIZIYINDUHEDONGNANYAGUOJIADETIAOZHAN。ZHEIXIEGUOJIAJIADIANCHANPINDUOCHUZAIPUJIJIEDUAN,JINGJIBAOCHIKUAISUZENGZHANG,XINGYEJINGZHENGGEJUSHANGBUWENDING,SHICHANGKONGJIANZENGZHANGKEQI,JIASHANGLIANJIALAODONGLIYOUSHIMINGXIAN,SUOYIWEILAIKAOLVZAIZHEIXIEGUOJIATOUZIJIANCHANGJINXINGBENTUHUASHENGCHANDEJIADIANQIYESHULIANGHUOJIANGHUIZHUBUZENGJIA,DANKAOLVDAOZHEIXIEGUOJIASHENGCHANXIAOLVDIXIA、JICHUSHESHILUOHOU、CHANYELIANBUWANZHENGDEXIANZHUANG,DONGNANYADIQUDEGONGCHANGDINGWEIZAIZHONGDUANQINEIJIANGYIZUZHUANGSHENGCHANWEIZHU,BUJUBEIYANFAHESHEJINENGLI,YIDANBEIJIAZHENGGUANSHUI,QIDINGDANRENGYOUKENENGXIANGQITADIQUZHUANYI。

  DANGRANWOMENYINGGAIYISHIDAO,YUZHEIXIEXINXINGSHICHANGGUOJIAXIANGBI,ZHONGGUOZUIDADEJINGZHENGYOUSHISHIBENTUJIADIANQIYEYIJINGBIJIAOCHENGSHU,CHANYELIANPEITAOWANSHAN,CONGYERENYUANZONGHESUZHIJIAOGAO。GUONEIXIAOFEISHENGJIDEDAQUSHIPOSHIQIYEBIXUZAICHANPINYANFA、GONGYESHEJISHANGBAOCHIDALIANGDETOURU,ZENGJIAPINZHONGGONGJI、TISHENGCHANPINPINZHI、CHUANGJIANYOUXIUPINPAI、YOUHUACHANPINJIEGOU。SHIJISHANG,CONGLISHISHANGKAN,QUANQIUCENGFASHENGDESICIDAGUIMOZHIZAOYEZHUANYIDESHENCENGCIQUDONGLIZHUYAOLAIZIJISHUCHUANGXINHECHANYESHENGJI,ERZHONGGUOMUQIANDECHUANGXINTIXIZHENGZAIJIAKUAIGOUJIANDANGZHONG,XINGAIGE、XINRENKOU、XINJISHUDENGHONGLIZHENGZAIBUDUANSHIFANG,ZHONGGUOJIADIANZHIZAOYEKEYIYIKAODUYIWUERDECHANYELIANHESHICHANGGUIMOZAIQUANQIUBAOCHIJUEDUIJINGZHENGYOUSHI,BINGXIYINGENGDUODEHAIWAITOUZI。LINGWAI,WOMENYINGGAIYISHI,DAZAOYIGEYOUXIUDEPINPAIYINGGAISHIXIANJIEDUANZHONGGUOJIADIANQIYEZUIJINYAODEMUBIAO。YOUXIUDEPINPAIYIWEIZHEQIANGDADEJINGZHENGLIHESHENGMINGLI,YEYIWEIZHEQIYEZAIMAOYIMOCAZHONGKEYIZHANJUGENGYOULIDEDIWEI。


SAOYISAO,ZUIXINZUIREJIADIANXINGYEDONGTAI,QUANWEISHUJU、ZHUANJIAGUANDIAN、XINWENREPINGJINZAIZHANGWO。WEIXINSOUSUO“SHANGHAIJIADIANWANG”/“shjiadian”JIKEGUANZHU,QIDAININDEDIANZANHUOPAIZHUAN!

免责声明:刊载本文目的在于传播更多行业信息,内容均来自网络转载或网友提供,如有侵权请及时联系我们删除!本站不承担任何争议和法律责任!
来源: 中国家用电器协会 责任编辑:shreen
上一篇没有了 下一篇美国惠而浦紧急召回51.9万台洗衣..
验 证 码: